Web application security in Java

Your Web application written in Java works as intended, so you are done, right? But did you consider feeding in incorrect values? 16Gbs of data? A null? An apostrophe? Negative numbers, or specifically -1 or -2^31? Because that’s what the bad guys will do – and the list is far from complete. Handling security needs a healthy level of paranoia, and this is what this course provides: a strong emotional engagement by lots of hands on labs and stories from real life, all to substantially improve code hygiene. Mistakes, consequences, and best practices are our blood, sweat and tears. The curriculum goes through the common Web application security issues following the OWASP Top Ten but goes far beyond it both in coverage and the details.All this is put in the context of Java, and extended by core programming issues, discussing security pitfalls of the Java language and framework. So that you are prepared for the forces of the dark side. So that nothing unexpected happens. Nothing.

Outline:

  • Cyber security basics
  • The OWASP Top Ten
  • Common software security weaknesses
  • Wrap up

Objective list:

  • Getting familiar with essential cyber security concepts
  • Understanding Web application security issues
  • Detailed analysis of the OWASP Top Ten elements
  • Putting Web application security in the context of Java
  • Going beyond the low hanging fruits
  • Managing vulnerabilities in third party components
  • Identify vulnerabilities and their consequences
  • Learn the security best practices in Java
  • Input validation approaches and principles

Audience:

Java developers working on Web applications

Prerequisites:

General Java and Web development

Course outline:

  • Cyber security basics

    The OWASP Top Ten

    • OWASP Top 10 – 2017
    • A1 – Injection
      • Injection principles
      • Injection attacks
      • SQL injection
        • SQL injection basics
        • Lab – SQL injection
        • Attack techniques
        • Content-based blind SQL injection
        • Time-based blind SQL injection
      • SQL injection best practices
        • Input validation
        • Parameterized queries
        • Additional considerations
        • Lab – Using prepared statements
        • Case study – Hacking Fortnite accounts
      • Code injection
        • OS command injection
          • OS command injection best practices
          • Using Runtime.exec()
          • Using ProcessBuilder
          • Case study – Shellshock
          • Lab – Shellshock
          • Case study – Command injection via ping
        • Script injection
      • General protection best practices
    • A2 – Broken Authentication
      • Authentication basics
      • Multi-factor authentication
      • Authentication weaknesses – spoofing
      • Spoofing on the Web
      • Case study – PayPal 2FA bypass
      • Password management
        • Inbound password management
  • The OWASP Top Ten

    • A2 – Broken Authentication
      • Session management
        • Session management essentials
        • Session ID best practices
        • Why do we protect session IDs – Session hijacking
        • Session fixation
        • Cross-site Request Forgery (CSRF)
          • Lab – Cross-site Request Forgery
          • CSRF best practices
          • CSRF defense in depth
          • Lab – CSRF protection with tokens
        • Cookie security
          • Cookie security best practices
          • Cookie attributes
    • A4 – XML External Entities (XXE)
      • DTD and the entities
      • Entity expansion
      • External Entity Attack (XXE)
        • File inclusion with external entities
        • Server-Side Request Forgery with external entities
        • Lab – External entity attack
        • Case study – XXE vulnerability in SAP Store
        • Preventing XXE
        • Lab – Prohibiting DTD expansion
    • A5 – Broken Access Control
      • Access control basics
      • Failure to restrict URL access
      • Confused deputy
        • Insecure direct object reference (IDOR)
        • Lab – Insecure Direct Object Reference
        • Authorization bypass through user-controlled keys
        • Case study – Authorization bypass on Facebook
        • Lab – Horizontal authorization
      • File upload
        • Unrestricted file upload
        • Good practices
        • Lab – Unrestricted file upload
    • A7 – Cross-site Scripting (XSS)
      • Cross-site scripting basics
      • Cross-site scripting types
        • Persistent cross-site scripting
        • Reflected cross-site scripting
        • Client-side (DOM-based) cross-site scripting
        • Lab – Stored XSS
        • Lab – Reflected XSS
        • Case study – XSS in Fortnite accounts
      • XSS protection best practices
        • Protection principles – escaping
        • XSS protection APIs in Java
        • XSS protection in JSP
        • Lab – XSS fix / stored
        • Lab – XSS fix / reflected
        • Additional protection layers
        • Client-side protection principles
    • A8 – Insecure Deserialization
      • Serialization and deserialization challenges
      • Deserializing untrusted streams
      • Deserialization best practices
      • Using ReadObject
      • Sealed objects
      • Look ahead deserialization
      • Property Oriented Programming (POP)
        • Creating payload
        • POP best practices
        • Lab – Creating a POP payload
        • Lab – Using the POP payload
    • A9 – Using Components with Known Vulnerabilities
      • Using vulnerable components
      • Assessing the environment
      • Hardening
      • Untrusted functionality import
      • Importing JavaScript
      • Lab – Importing JavaScript
      • Case study – The British Airways data breach
      • Vulnerability management
        • Patch management
        • Vulnerability databases
        • Lab – Finding vulnerabilities in third-party components
  • The OWASP Top Ten

    • Web application security beyond the Top Ten
      • Client-side security
      • Same Origin Policy
        • Tabnabbing
        • Lab – Reverse tabnabbing
      • Frame sandboxing
        • Cross-Frame Scripting (XFS) attack
        • Lab – Clickjacking
        • Clickjacking beyond hijacking a click
        • Clickjacking protection best practices
        • Lab – Using CSP to prevent clickjacking

    Common software security weaknesses

    • Input validation
      • Input validation principles
        • Blacklists and whitelists
        • Data validation techniques
        • Lab – Input validation
        • What to validate – the attack surface
        • Where to validate – defense in depth
        • How to validate – validation vs transformations
        • Output sanitization
        • Encoding challenges
        • Lab – Encoding challenges
        • Validation with regex
      • Integer handling problems
        • Representing signed numbers
        • Integer visualization
        • Integer overflow
        • Lab – Integer overflow
        • Signed / unsigned confusion in Java
        • Case study – The Stockholm Stock Exchange
        • Integer truncation
        • Best practices
          • Upcasting
          • Precondition testing
          • Postcondition testing
          • Using big integer libraries
          • Integer handling in Java
          • Lab – Integer handling
      • Files and streams
        • Path traversal
        • Path traversal-related examples
        • Lab – Path traversal
        • Additional challenges in Windows
        • Path traversal best practices
      • Unsafe reflection
        • Reflection without validation
        • Lab – Unsafe reflection
      • Unsafe native code
        • Native code dependence
        • Lab – Unsafe JNI
        • Best practices for dealing with native code
    • Code quality
      • Data handling
        • Initialization and cleanup
          • Constructors and destructors
          • Class initialization cycles
          • Lab – Initialization cycles
        • Unreleased resource
          • The finalize() method – best practices
      • Object oriented programming pitfalls
        • Accessibility modifiers
          • Are accessibility modifiers a security feature?
          • Accessibility modifiers – best practices
          • Overriding and accessibility modifiers
        • Inheritance and overriding
        • Mutability
          • Lab – Mutable object
        • Cloning

    Wrap up

    • Secure coding principles
      • Principles of robust programming by Matt Bishop
      • Secure design principles of Saltzer and Schröder
    • And now what?
      • Software security sources and further reading
      • Java resources

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